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Chemistry Index

Chemical Element Identification Timeline
History of Phosphorus : Introduction and Timeline

History of Science and Technology Index

Characters involved in the Phosphorus Story

Hennig Brand (1630 - c. 1710)
Johann Kunckel (1630 - 1703)
Johann Daniel Krafft (1624 - 1697) and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 - 1716)
Johann Joachim Becher (1635 - c. 1682)
Robert Boyle (1627 - 1691) and his Assistants

Transcripts of Publications (1677 - 1853)

Aerial Noctiluca : Robert Boyle 1680

Icy Noctiluca : Robert Boyle 1682

A Paper of the Honourable Robert Boyle's,
Opened Since His Death (1692)


Some Observations made upon an Artificial
Shining Substance : Robert Boyle 1677


Extracts from John Evelyn's Diary 1681 and 1685

Experiments made with the liquid and of the solid
Phosphorus : Frederick Slare 1681


Extract from Experiments of the Luminous
Qualities of Amber : Samuel Wall 1708


On the Discovery of Phosphorus and a
Biography of Ambrose Godfrey
Hanckwitz : Joseph Ince 1853


An Extract from "An Account of some
Experiments upon the Phosphorus Urinæ"
by Ambrose Godfrey Hanckwitz 1731

Other Information

The Chemical Equations involved in the Luminescence of Phosphorus

 

HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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An Account of four sorts of factitious Shining Substances, communicated to the Publisher from very good hands, both in printed Papers and in Letters not printed

Phil. Trans. 1677-1678 12, 867, published 1 January 1677

 

Two of these four substances have been already spoken of in two of the late Transactions, vid. Numb. 131, p.788 and Numb. 134, p.842; and they are, one of them, the Factitious Paste of Dr. Balduin, shining in the dark like a glowing coal, after it hath been a while exposed to the day or candle-light; the other the Bononian Stone calcined, which imbibes light from sun-beams, and so renders it again in the dark, whereas the former needs no shining sun, but doth the effect in quite overcast weather and even in a misty day.

To these we shall now add two other sorts. The one is by the Germans called Phosphorus Smaragdinus, said to be of this nature, that it collects its light not so much from the sun-beams, or the illuminated air, as from the fire itself; seeing that, if some of it be laid upon a silver or copper-plate, under which are put some live coals, or a lighted taper, it will presently shine, and if the same matter be shaped into letters, one is able to read it.

The other is called Phosphorus Fulgurans, which is a matter, made both in a liquid and dry form, and not only shineth in the dark, and communicates a sudden light to such bodies as it is rubbed upon; but, being included in a glass-vessel well closed, doth now and then fulgurate, and sometimes also raise itself as it were into waves of light: Differing very much from the Balduinian Stone, which is to be exposed to some shining body, as the day, the sun, the fire or some lighted candle, to receive light from thence; whereas this fulgurating substance carries its light always with it, and when put in a dark place, presently shows the same. Of which we have this further assurance given us, that a little portion of it, having been kept two whole years; hath not yet lost its power of shining; So that it is believed, if a considerably big piece were prepared of it, it would serve for a perpetual, or at least, a very long lasting light.

So far this communication; the effect of which it is hoped will in due time appear here amongst us, if the author be competently encouraged thereunto.

 

 

 

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