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Biodiversity : The Variety of Life on Earth Index

Biodiversity
Collecting, Describing and Classifying
How Biologists Classify Species : Similarities and Differences
Putting Things into Groups

Topic Chapters Index

 

The images hyperlink to more information about each group

Bacteria Kingdom

Bacteria icon  Bacteria

Protoctista Kingdom

Protoctista icon  Protoctista

 

The Plant Kingdom

Moss icon  Mosses and Liverworts
Fern icon  Ferns
Conifer icon  Conifers
Flowering Plant icon  Flowering Plants

 

The Animal Kingdom

Vertebrate Groups

Lionfish icon Fish
Frog icon (photo by Paul Billiet) Amphibians
Snake icon Reptiles
Falcon icon Birds
Lion icon Mammals

 

Invertebrate Groups

Medusa icon Jellyfish
Sea slug icon (photo by Paul Billiet) Molluscs
Starfish icon Starfish
Earthworm icon Worms

 

Arthropods

Swimming crab icon Crustaceans
Beetle icon (photo by Paul Billiet) Insects
Giant millipede icon Myriapods
Tarantula icon Spiders

 

BIODIVERSITY : PUTTING THINGS INTO GROUPS

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Fungi Kingdom

The fungi kingdom is known for its mushrooms but most types of fungi are microscopic. The microscopic forms such as moulds become visible only when hundreds of thousands of individuals are seen spoiling a piece of fruit. Other examples of fungi are yeast (which makes bread rise), lichens, and Penicillium chrysogenum which is the fungus responsible for making penicillin.

 

Slime mould © Paul Billiet

Yeast cells as seen under the high power of a microscope © Paul Billiet

 

Mushroom Phylum:
The cep or penny bun

Cepes © Paul Billiet  

A photograph of ceps

The cep is an edible mushroom.

 

This is an edible mushroom. The cap and the stem are the parts which produce the spores. Underground threads of the mushroom spread out through the soil. The mushroom decomposes dead leaves and it grows very well in forests of pine and larch and where there is heather.

 

 

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