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Biodiversity : The Variety of Life on Earth Index

Biodiversity
Collecting, Describing and Classifying
How Biologists Classify Species : Similarities and Differences
Putting Things into Groups

Topic Chapters Index

 

The images hyperlink to more information about each group

Bacteria Kingdom

Bacteria icon

Bacteria

 

Protoctista Kingdom

Protoctista icon

Protoctista

 

The Plant Kingdom

Moss icon

Mosses and Liverworts

Fern icon

Ferns

Conifer icon

Conifers

Flowering Plant icon

Flowering Plants

 

The Animal Kingdom

Vertebrate Groups

Lionfish icon

Fish

Frog icon (photo by Paul Billiet)

Amphibians

Snake icon

Reptiles

Falcon icon

Birds

Lion icon

Mammals

 

Invertebrate Groups

Medusa icon

Jellyfish

Sea slug icon (photo by Paul Billiet)

Molluscs

Starfish icon

Starfish

Earthworm icon

Worms

 

Arthropods

Swimming crab icon

Crustaceans

Beetle icon (photo by Paul Billiet)

Insects

Giant millipede icon

Myriapods

Tarantula icon

Spiders

 

BIODIVERSITY : PUTTING THINGS INTO GROUPS

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Fungi Kingdom

The fungi kingdom is known for its mushrooms but most types of fungi are microscopic. The microscopic forms such as moulds become visible only when hundreds of thousands of individuals are seen spoiling a piece of fruit. Other examples of fungi are yeast (which makes bread rise), lichens, and Penicillium chrysogenum which is the fungus responsible for making penicillin.

 

Slime mould © Paul Billiet

Yeast cells as seen under the high power of a microscope © Paul Billiet

 

Mushroom Phylum:
The cep or penny bun

Cepes © Paul Billiet

A photograph of ceps

The cep is an edible mushroom.

 

This is an edible mushroom. The cap and the stem are the parts which produce the spores. Underground threads of the mushroom spread out through the soil. The mushroom decomposes dead leaves and it grows very well in forests of pine and larch and where there is heather.

 

 

 

 

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