The Open Door Web Site
Biodiversity : The Variety of Life on Earth Index
The images hyperlink to more information about each group
The Animal Kingdom
BIODIVERSITY : PUTTING THINGS INTO GROUPS
The Plant Kingdom
The plant kingdom is divided into four phyla : the Moss and Liverwort Phylum, the Fern Phylum, the Conifer Phylum and the Flowering Plant Phylum.
Moss and Liverwort Phylum: Bog moss or Sphagnum moss
Bog mosses are always found where there is plenty of water which is mildly acidic. The bog moss grows to about 20 cm producing simple leaves. As the plant grows taller it dies at the bottom and eventually turns in a material called peat. Bog mosses are exceptional in the amount of water they absorb. Dry bog moss can absorb 20 times its own weight in water.
Fern Phylum: The common polypod
This plant is often found growing on walls and tree trunks where it can catch more light. The polypod prefers soils which are acidic. New leaves grow in May and reach 10 to 40 cm in length. The plant stores food in an underground root called a rhizome which helps it to pass through the winter. The spore cases ripen on the leaves during the autumn.
Conifer Phylum: The Scots pine
This tree originates from Europe and across to the middle of Siberia. Its wood is used for building and making paper so it has been planted in forestry plantations all over the world. Young Scots pine can grow very quickly up to 1 meter per year and, if they are not cut down the adult trees can live for up to 400 years.
Scot's Pine Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plant Phylum: The buttercup
Buttercups are common plants of fields and meadows. They prefer open places where there is plenty of light. They also grow well in moist conditions. Buttercups flower during the months of May and June. The bright yellow flowers attract insects to transport pollen from flower to flower. As a reward the insects find nectar in a nectary at the base of each petal.
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