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What the name means: The name nickel comes from the German word for goblin, nickl or nickel. Minerals containing nickel were called kupfernickel, or Devil's copper, by German miners.
Who identified nickel?: Nickel has been used since ancient times. It is found, in small amounts, in bronze statues, originating from Syria and made around 3500BC. Two thousand years ago the Chinese used a mineral they called paktong (white copper) to make coins.
In 1654, miners in Saxony, Germany, mistook nickel ores for ores containing silver. Since nickel compounds were often accompanied by arsenic compounds, the "devil's copper", as it was known, caused illness. Nickel was first recognised as a metal by the Swedish chemist, Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in 1751. Cronstedt's results were verified by Torben Olaf Bergmann. It was Antoine Lavoisier who, in his 1789 publication, identified nickel as an element.
STP = standard temperature and pressure.
About nickel: Nickel compounds have been used to produce green dyes since ancient times. Nowadays, nickel is mostly used with other metals to make alloys. Nickel alloys are used to produce steel, coins and magnets.
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