History and Geography
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Cuban Missile Crisis
France During World War II
Middle East 1948-1982
Origins of the Cold War
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Population Politics (Comparative Table)
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Essays: Past Examples and Models
Start For Arab-Israeli Essay
Arab-Israeli conflict 1948-82 (a possible start to questions trying to find out what it's all about....)
It is now more than 50 years since the creation of Israel. For most of those 50 years, there has been a state of
tension between Israel and her Arab neighbours which has exploded into war on four occasions. Although the conflict is highly complex, it is
seen in relatively simple terms by each of the protagonists. For Israelis, the survival of their country is at stake. For the Arab states, Israel
is an interloper and Western Trojan Horse to be driven back into the sea. To Palestinians, their homeland has been stolen and all measures for its
recovery have been seen as justified. Geo-political and religious issues have made it not only more complex but a world issue. Standing
at the crossroads of continents and cultures, it not only pitched two of the major World religions against each other but became one of the theatres
of the Cold War. Western support for the democratically looking Israel, however, has been at times compromised by the presence of some of
the World's most important oil fields in the Arab states.
The Origins of this conflict go far back, at least to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War:
GB (& France) responsible for the creation of new Arab states out of the mandates gained in the area.
Sykes-Picot/Macmahon agreements promised much to the Arabs
Led to the creation of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq but
Balfour declaration 1917 gave hope to Zionist movement of a homeland in Palestine for Jews. Since most of this area was kept as a mandate, GB
tried to fulfil both this promise and its obligations to the Arabs.
By 2nd World War, dramatic rise in Jewish immigration has led to fears and reaction from
Arabs & GB proposed partition through the Peel plan and a White paper tried to limit immigration. Rejected by all.
Holocaust makes the need for a Jewish homeland urgent. GB unable to regulate flow & were
pressured by Jewish terrorist groups such as Irgun.
Therefore handed to UN who applied the Partition. Arab States and the Arab zone of Palestine immediately attacked the Jewish zone,
now called Israel and the subsequent war produced a strengthened Israel and the disappearance of Palestine into Israel, Jordan and Egypt.
The issue at this stage were clear: The survival of Israel................
By 1967, the success of Israel not only to survive but to strengthen its frontiers with the capture of the Occupied Territories, changed the
nature of the conflict and brought the focus to the Palestinians themselves.....
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