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Part XVII : Human Influences on Populations Index

Extinction of Species
Some Human Activities which Modify Habitats
Introduced Species
How Humans Can Help
Biodiversity

 

National Park

Date when it was set up

Area /ha

Vanoise 1965 125000
Pyrénees Occidental 1967 48000
Ecrins 1973 270000
Cévennes 1970 150000
Port-Cros 1963 1800
Mercantour 1979 68500
Calanques 2012 52000

Port-Cros is the only marine national park. It is an island in the Mediterranean.

The list above does not show the three national parks in overseas departments.

 

How does France compare with other parts of the world?

France has about 9.5% of its territory as protected nature reserves or parks.

Country

Date of First National Park

% area of country (as of January 2016)

UK 1951 8.20%
Netherlands 1930 3.00%
Germany 1970 2.70%
Spain 1918 0.80%
Portugal 1971 0.80%
Russia 1983 0.40%
USA 1872 2.18%

 

HUMAN INFLUENCES ON POPULATIONS

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Natural Parks in France

View of a National Park © Paul Billiet

In France there are 7 national parks and 45 regional parks. The national parks, with the exception of the Cevennes, are not permanently inhabited. They are controlled by the state. The national parks have a central zone which has total protection from human activities. Walking and some fishing is permitted but there are no cars and no hunting. Around the central zone is a buffer zone where human activities such as farming are allowed but under strict control.

 

Map of Park © Paul Billiet

 

The regional parks in France are all inhabited and they are controlled locally. They must protect nature but they must also let human actives continue. This is not always easy as many of them are in beautiful parts of France where there is a lot of tourism. In general, the regional parks have been very successful.

 

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