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The Industrial Revolution Index

The Agricultural Revolution
The Textile Industry
The Search for New Power Sources
The Development of Canals in Britain
Roads and railways
Steamships
Iron and Steel Manufacture
Working Conditions
Urban Conditions
Industrialisation in Europe
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution and Warfare
Social Development in the Industrial Revolution

History Chapters Main Index

 

Introduction

In our modern world, we make daily use of the products of an industrialised era. These products include a wide variety of goods manufactured for our consumption. It has not always been like this. There was a time when almost all products were hand-made and the factory system did not exist. The transition from a world of artisan manufacture to a factory system, and all its attendant benefits with which we are familiar, is known as the Industrial Revolution. It began in Britain in the early years of the 18th century.

In a little over a century, Britain went from a largely rural, agrarian population to a country of industrialized towns, factories, mines and workshops. Britain was, in fact, already beginning to develop a manufacturing industry during the early years of the early 18th century, but it was from the 1730's that its growth accelerated.

As well as a revolution in industry, this period saw many changes and improvements in agricultural practice. So much so, that it can be said that there was a parallel Agricultural Revolution.

 

Complete Chronology of the Industrial Revolution : Key

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Steam Engines

Iron and Steel

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Agriculture

Road Transport

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Textiles

Steamships

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Railways

   

 

 

TWO CENTURIES OF REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE

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The Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution: The Iron Works at Coalbrookdale at night (1801)  by Philip de Loutherbourg

The Iron Works at Coalbrookdale at night (1801) by Philip de Loutherbourg

 

Complete Chronology of the Industrial Revolution

Button Click on the button to go back to the top of the chronology

 

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1696 Savery invented a steam-driven water pump

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1701 Tull developed the seed drill

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1705 Newcomen made a successful steam engine

1700

 






1709 Darby used coke to make pig iron

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1712 Newcomen made an atmospheric steam engine

1710

 
 

1720

 

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1730 Townsend introduced Four Year Crop Rotation

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1733 Kay invented the Flying Shuttle

1730

 

1730's Turnpike roads are constructed

R

 

1740

1740 Huntsman 'rediscovered' steel

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1755 Bakewell experimented with selective breeding

1750


1754 First iron rolling mill is opened

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1764 Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny

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1764 Watt invented the internal condenser

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1766 Cavendish produced nitrates from nitrogen gas

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1769 Watt improved on Newcomen's steam engine

1760

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1760's Darby laid an iron plateway

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1762 Boulton opened an ironworks in Birmingham

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1769 Cugnot invented a steam propelled vehicle

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1771 Arkwright opened a mill at Cromford

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1772 Coke began his breeding experiments


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1779 Crompton developed the Spinning Mule

1770



1775 Wilkinson bored cylinders for Watt's engine

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1779 Abraham Darby III built the first iron bridge

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1781 Watt developed the compound steam engine

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1782 Tull's seed drill is improved by adding gears

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1783 Arkwright's Masson Mill opened

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1784 Small developed an iron plough

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1785 Cartwright's steam power loom in use

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1786 Boulton used steam to power his coin factory

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1786 Meikle developed a threshing machine

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1788 Boulton used a rotary steam engine in his factory

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1789 Jessop used flanged waggon wheels

1780

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1783 d'Abbans steamship Pyroscaphe launched

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1783 Cort invented the "puddling process"

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1786 Murdock developed a road steam vehicle

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1790 Arkwright's steam-powered factory opens

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1792 Whitney invented the cotton gin

1790

 





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1804 Jaquard used a punch card for weaving

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1805 Wandsworth-Croydon public railway opened

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1806 Oystermouth passenger railway opened

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1808 Trevithick's "Catch -Me-Who-Can" locomotive is built

1800

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1801 Trevithick's passenger steam vehicle

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1802 Symington's Charlotte Dundas steamship

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1803 Fulton's steam-driven boat used on the Seine

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1804 Steven's used a twin-screw propeller steamboat

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1807 Fulton's steam paddleship, the Clermont

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1812 Blenkinsop's railway locomotive operated

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1813 Horrocks invented the speed batton

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1813 Hedley's "Puffing Billy" used on a non-toothed track

1810

1810 Macadam developed a new type of road construction

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1812 First horse-drawn bus system operated

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1812 The steamship Comet operated on the Clyde

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1815 Telford's London to Holyhead road constructed

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1819 The steamship Savannah crossed the Atlantic

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1820 Wrought iron rails used to make railways


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1825 Stockton to Darlington railway line opened

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1827 First railway tunnel built under Liverpool

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1829 Stephenson's "Rocket" won the Rainhill trials

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1829 Sequin built the first French steam locomotive

1820

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1820 The steamship James Watt was launched

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1822 The first iron steamship, Aaroon Manby launched

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1827 Dr. Gurney's steam coach operated

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1828 Neilson improved blast furnace construction

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1832 First steam locomotive railway in France is built


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1835 Locke designed bulkhead rail

 

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1839 Nasmyth invented the steam hammer

1830





1836 Ericsson and Smith development the screw propeller

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1837 Brunel's steamship Great Western launched

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1846 Standard gauge adopted for British railways

 

1840

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1840 Cunard shipping line opened

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1843 Brunel's steamship Great Britain launched

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1845 Brunel's steamship Great Britain crossed the Atlantic

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1847 Cunard provide a regular cross-Atlantic service

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1850


1854 Elder invented the double steam engine

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1856 Bessemer developed the basic oxygen converter

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1858 Brunel's Great Eastern launched

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1863 First underground railway

1860

1860 Lenoir's gas engine used in road vehicles

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1861 Véloe's péde bicycle introduced

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1879 Von Seimen's electric train operated in Berlin

1870

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1870 Penny farthing bicycles introduced

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1876 Otto's four stroke engine developed

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1879 Gilchrist and Thomas adapted Bessemer's process

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1881 First electric passenger train used in Germany

 

1880

1881 Elder developed the triple expansion engine

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1885 Benz's petrol-driven motorwagen developed

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1890 First underground electric train operates

 

1890

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1890 Rubber tyres used on bicycles

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1894 Elder developed the quadruple expansion engine

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1895 Michelin Brothers used air-filled tyres on cars

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1898 Motorised omnibuses used in Britain

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1899 Gear boxes used in Benz's cars

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1900

1908 Model T Ford started production

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1912 First diesel trains operate in Sweden

1910

 

 

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