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The Agricultural Revolution Index

Introduction to the Agricultural Revolution

The Industrial Revolution Index

Introduction to the First Industrial Revolution

The Development of Roads and Railways Index

Roads and Railways : Introduction
The Development of Roads
The Development of the Railway
The Development of the Steam Locomotive :
Richard Trevithick

The Development of the Steam Locomotive :
George Stephenson

Building the Railways : Introduction
Building the Railways : Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Railway Mania
The Social and Economic Effects of the Railway

History Chapters Main Index

 

Chronology of the Development of the Railways 1789 - 1890

1760's

Abraham Darby laid an iron plateway

1760's

Nicholas Cugnot invented the first steam propelled vehicle

1760

1786's

William Murdock invented a model road engine similar to Cugnot's

1789's

William Jessop introduced flanged waggon wheels

1780

1801's

Trevithick's first passenger steam vehicle went into operation

1805's

Wandsworth-Croydon public railway opened

1806's

Oystermouth railway - first passenger railway in Wales was built

1808's

Trevithick's 'Catch -me-who-can' locomotive was built

1800

1812's

Blenkinsop's railway locomotive hauled coal from Middleton to Leeds

1813's

Hedley's 'Puffing Billy' was built for use on non-toothed track

1810

1820's

Wrought iron rails used to make railways

1825's

Stockton to Darlington railway line opened

1827's

First railway tunnel built under Liverpool

1829's

Stephenson's 'Rocket' wins Rainhill trials (Britain)
Marc Sequin built first French steam locomotive

1820

1930's

Liverpool to Manchester line opened (Britain)

1832's

First steam locomotive powered railway opened in France

1835's

Joseph Locke designed bulkhead rail

1837's

Telegraph used to connect signal boxes

1830

1840's

First railway excursion

1846's

Standard gauge introduced in Britain

1840

1851's

First refrigerated coaches

1859's

Pullman cars

1850

1863's

First underground railway

1865's

USA adopted standard gauge

1869's

First rack railway (Mount Washington, USA)

1860

1879's

Von Seimen's electric train operated in Berlin

1870

1881's

First electric passenger train used in Germany

1889's

Block signalling and continuous braking in Britain

1880

1890's

First electric underground train

1890

1912's

First diesel electric trains (Sweden)

1910

 

TWO CENTURIES OF REVOLTIONARY CHANGE

Custom Search

The Industrial Revolution

The Development of the Steam Locomotive :
John Blenkinsop

 

William Hedley's Puffind Billy

William Hedley's Puffing Billy

 

Some engineers doubted that a locomotive could run on a non-level track without slipping. In 1812, Matthew Murray and John Blenkinsop built the first commercial railway but designed it with a tooth rack along the track. The tooth rack was, in fact, unnecessary and it meant that the locomotive could only run at low speeds. In 1813 William Hedley proved that the toothed racks were not needed. He built the famous "Puffing Billy" that was able to pull heavy loads along track by only using adhesion.

 

John Blenkinsop (1783 - 1831)

John Blenkinsop was an English inventor who, in 1812, designed the first successful railway locomotive. Its engines had two cylinders and gears and moved forward on tooth-rached rails. Blenkinsop was employed as a mine inspector at the Middleton mine in Yorkshire. Between 1812 and 1813 four Blenkinsop engines were in use to haul coal from Middleton to Leeds.

 

Blenkinsop's steam locomotive

Blenkinsop's steam locomotive

 

 

 

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