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Complete Chronology of the Industrial Revolution

Key:

S

Steam Engines

Iron and Steel

I

A

Agriculture

Road Transport

R

T

Textiles

Steamships

S

R

Railways

   

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S

1696 Savery invented a steam-driven water pump

A

1701 Tull developed the seed drill

S

1705 Newcomen made a successful steam engine

1700

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1709 Darby used coke to make pig iron

I

S

1712 Newcomen made an atmospheric steam engine

1710

 
 

1720

 

A

1730 Townsend introduced Four Year Crop Rotation

T

1733 Kay invented the Flying Shuttle

1730

Button

1730's Turnpike roads are constructed

R

 

1740

1740 Huntsman 'rediscovered' steel

I


A

1755 Bakewell experimented with selective breeding

1750


1754 First iron rolling mill is opened

I


T

1764 Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny

S

1764 Watt invented the internal condenser

A

1766 Cavendish produced nitrates from nitrogen gas

S

1769 Watt improved on Newcomen's steam engine

1760

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1760's Darby laid an iron plateway

I

1762 Boulton opened an ironworks in Birmingham

I


1769 Cugnot invented a steam propelled vehicle

R

T

1771 Arkwright opened a mill at Cromford

A

1772 Coke began his breeding experiments


T

1779 Crompton developed the Spinning Mule

1770



1775 Wilkinson bored cylinders for Watt's engine

I

1779 Abraham Darby III built the first iron bridge

I

S

1781 Watt developed the compound steam engine

A

1782 Tull's seed drill is improved by adding gears

T

1783 Arkwright's Masson Mill opened

A

1784 Small developed an iron plough

T

1785 Cartwright's steam power loom in use

S

1786 Boulton used steam to power his coin factory

A

1786 Meikle developed a threshing machine

S

1788 Boulton used a rotary steam engine in his factory

R

1789 Jessop used flanged waggon wheels

1780

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1783 d'Abbans steamship Pyroscaphe launched

S

1783 Cort invented the "puddling process"

I





1786 Murdock developed a road steam vehicle

R

S

1790 Arkwright's steam-powered factory opens

T

1792 Whitney invented the cotton gin

1790

 





T

1804 Jaquard used a punch card for weaving

R

1805 Wandsworth-Croydon public railway opened

R

1806 Oystermouth passenger railway opened

R

1808 Trevithick's "Catch -Me-Who-Can" locomotive is built

1800

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1801 Trevithick's passenger steam vehicle

R

1802 Symington's Charlotte Dundas steamship

S

1803 Fulton's steam-driven boat used on the Seine

S

1804 Steven's used a twin-screw propeller steamboat

S


1807 Fulton's steam paddleship, the Clermont

S

 



R

1812Blenkinsop's railway locomotive operated

T

1813 Horrocks invented the speed batton

R

1813 Hedley's "Puffing Billy" used on a non-toothed track

1810

1810 Macadam developed a new type of road construction

R

1812 First horse-drawn bus system operated

R

1812 The steamship Comet operated on the Clyde

S

1815 Telford's London to Holyhead road constructed

R

1819 The steamship Savannah crossed the Atlantic

S

R

1820 Wrought iron rails used to make railways


R

1825 Stockton to Darlington railway line opened

R

1827 First railway tunnel built under Liverpool

R

1829 Stephenson's "Rocket" won the Rainhill trials

R

1829 Sequin built the first French steam locomotive

1820

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1820 The steamship James Watt was launched

S

1822 The first iron steamship, Aaroon Manby launched

S




1827 Dr. Gurney's steam coach operated

R

1828 Neilson improved blast furnace construction

I

R

1832 First steam locomotive railway in France is built


R

1835 Locke designed bulkhead rail

 

S

1839 Nasmyth invented the steam hammer

1830





1836 Ericsson and Smith development the screw propeller

S

1837 Brunel's steamship Great Western launched

S






R

1846 Standard gauge adopted for British railways

 

1840

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1840 Cunard shipping line opened

S

1843 Brunel's steamship Great Britain launched

S

1845 Brunel's steamship Great Britain crossed the Atlantic

S

1847Cunard provide a regular cross-Atlantic service

S

 

 

1850


1854 Elder invented the double steam engine

S

1856 Bessemer developed the basic oxygen converter

I

1858 Brunel's Great Eastern launched

S




R

1863 First underground railway

1860

1860 Lenoir's gas engine used in road vehicles

R

1861 Véloe's péde bicycle introduced

R








R

1879 Von Seimen's electric train operated in Berlin

1870

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1870 Penny farthing bicycles introduced

R


1876 Otto's four stroke engine developed

R

1879 Gilchrist and Thomas adapted Bessemer's process

I

R

1881 First electric passenger train used in Germany

 

1880

1881 Elder developed the triple expansion engine

S


1885 Benz's petrol-driven motorwagen developed

R

R

1890 First underground electric train operates

 

1890

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1890 Rubber tyres used on bicycles

R


1894 Elder developed the quadruple expansion engine

S

1895 Michelin Brothers used air-filled tyres on cars

R

1898 Motorised omnibuses used in Britain

R

1899 Gear boxes used in Benz's cars

R

 

1900


1908 Model T Ford started production

R

R

1912 First diesel trains operate in Sweden

1910

 

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