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Tree and Fruit Identification
Activity D: Collecting different leaves and fruits
The forest vegetation can be divided into three layers.
The Canopy : All the tall trees with branches that spread out above you. These trees are in competition for the light. Their leaves and branches often block direct sunlight from the smaller plants in their shadow.
Trees in the Canopy
Trees are often identified by the shape of their leaves. The table shows shadow prints of the leaves of trees found in the forest. The leaves are not to scale. The actual length of each leaf (not including the stem) is given.
Use the leaf shadow sheets to identify as many trees as possible. Keep one leaf of each species you find and keep them in a plastic bag. Try to find a still living and complete leaf from the forest floor rather than taking it from a tree. Also collect as many different fruits as you can from the forest floor.
The Field Layer : These plants are less tall. The field layer consists of all the plants which are above the forest floor at any height up to about one metre. (Note that young trees, or saplings, are part of the field layer).
Plants of the Field Layer
Plants are often identified by the shape of their leaves. The table shows shadow prints of the leaves of plants found in the forest. The images are not to scale. The actual length of each leaf (not including the stem) is given.
The Ground Layer : These plants remain close to the forest floor, only growing a few centimetres above it.
Plants of the Ground Layer
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