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Sound Operated Switch

4

 

Amplifier: TL081 Comparator: TL081 or CA3140

R can be almost any value greater than about 10k. Use a small (low impedance) loudspeaker as a microphone

This circuit must have a 5v regulated supply. This is provided by the 7805 regulator.

The circuit shown above should be sensitive enough to respond to a reasonably loud clap of the hands at a distance of about a metre from the microphone. If the microphone (loudspeaker) is not very close to the circuit board, use screened lead to connect it to the rest of the circuit. If you require greater sensitivity, you can add the simple pre-amp shown below.

The sensitivity of the circuit can be adjusted using the variable potential divider connected to the inverting input of the comparator. To set the sensitivity to maximum, connect a voltmeter to the output of the second amplifier and adjust the variable potential divider to the point which just takes the voltmeter reading to its lowest figure (zero for CA3140, about 15v for TL081).

Adding this pre-amp to the sound operated switch will make it very sensitive so keep all connecting wires as short as possible.

 

Vero diagram for sound operated switch  : Copper Side

Vero diagram for sound operated switch  : Component Side

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